Introductory Concepts
Elementary Relationships
Extensions of Verbal Behavior
Multiple Controlling Relationships
Building on the Elementary Relationships

18.7 Mand Non-Example #1

The mand “water” occurs as a function of some degree of water deprivation, which is the establishing operation for this response form. If you say “water” because there is a glass of water present and the form of the response is not controlled by water deprivation, then the response is not a mand. The glass of water in this case is a non-verbal stimulus and the response would, therefore, be a tact.


A form of verbal behavior with the following features:

The response is verbal

The form of the response is controlled by an establishing operation

The musculature with which the response is executed (vocal, written, gestural, etc.)

The type of reinforcement made currently effective by the establishing operation (may be conditioned or unconditioned, etc.)

Whether or not the current response is followed by reinforcement

That is water vector priced at $1.
Post a comment
This section is for the civil and public discussion of the content of this page. We reserve the right to moderate and remove comments that are irrelevant, disrespectful, hateful, harassing, threatening, or spamlike. If you are experiencing a technical issue, please contact our helpdesk for assistance.

Leave a Comment