Introductory Concepts
Elementary Relationships
Extensions of Verbal Behavior
Multiple Controlling Relationships
Building on the Elementary Relationships

13.3 Taking Dictation Example #1

Someone tells you the name of a good restaurant and you write it down; that is taking dictation. In Skinner’s analysis, taking shorthand (see bottom of page) is not called taking dictation, however, because it lacks the necessary point-to-point correspondence.

Taking Dictation

A form of verbal behavior with the following features:

The form of the response is writing

The controlling variable is a response product of someone’s prior vocal behavior

There is point-to-point correspondence between the stimulus and the response

Formal and dynamic features of the stimulus

Formal and dynamic features of the response

Whether or not there is reinforcement for the current response

The “meaning” of either the stimulus or the response

Taking Dictation

Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.

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