Introductory Concepts
Elementary Relationships
Extensions of Verbal Behavior
Multiple Controlling Relationships
Building on the Elementary Relationships

20.12 Listeners and Audience Control

Listeners can have the same type of effect…we tend not to say certain things in the presence of listeners who have punished similar responses in the past, or who are similar to listeners who have punished certain types of verbal behavior in the past.

A police officer standing with a nun in a habit during audience control.


A type of controlling variable with the following features:

The audience is usually a listener in the presence of whom verbal behavior is typically reinforced

It controls a group of response forms

Whether or not the listener provides reinforcement for the current response

The size or specific nature of the response forms controlled

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