Introductory Concepts
Elementary Relationships
Extensions of Verbal Behavior
Multiple Controlling Relationships
Building on the Elementary Relationships

16.8 Intraverbal Example #4

When you first begin learning a foreign language, most of your behavior is intraverbal. The English “good day” evokes the French “bonjour” and vice versa. Some critics have claimed that the examples of intraverbals you have just read represent trivial language behavior. While it is true that many intraverbal relationships are “trivial,” much of our learning is in the form of definitions, instructions, and associations that are also intraverbal.


A form of verbal behavior with the following features:

A verbal response

The prior controlling variable is a verbal stimulus

There is NO point-to-point correspondence between the stimulus and the response

The specific topography and dynamic characteristics of the vocal response

The musculature involved in executing the response

The modality of the prior verbal stimulus (usually either visual or auditory)

Dynamic features of either the stimulus or the response

The “correctness” of the response

Intraverbal Example #4
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