Introductory Concepts
Elementary Relationships
Extensions of Verbal Behavior
Multiple Controlling Relationships
Building on the Elementary Relationships

30.1 Private Stimulation and Collateral Responses

When teaching an individual to respond to private stimulation, additional evidence is often available in the form of a collateral response. The private stimulation of free nerve endings (pain) may be accompanied by crying or moaning. A toothache may have the collateral response of holding one’s jaw. A stomachache may have the collateral response of holding one’s stomach.

A cartoon woman experiencing private stimulation due to dental pain.
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