Introductory Concepts
Elementary Relationships
Extensions of Verbal Behavior
Multiple Controlling Relationships
Building on the Elementary Relationships

11.5 Echoic Behavior Non-Example #1

Saying “echoic” as a result of seeing the word is NOT echoic; nor is saying it as a result of hearing someone say “imitative.”

Note how the first example is missing the second defining feature of echoic behavior, while the second example is missing the third and fourth defining features of echoic behavior:

Echoic Behavior

A form of verbal behavior with the following features:

The response is vocal

It is controlled by a prior auditory verbal stimulus

There is point-to-point correspondence between the stimulus and the response

There is formal similarity between the prior stimulus and the response-product

Formal and dynamic characteristics of both the stimulus and the response

The “meaning” of either the stimulus or the response

Whether or not the current response is reinforced

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