Should You Order the Feedback Sandwich? Efficacy of Feedback Sequence and Timing

Amy J. Henley & Florence D. DiGennaro Reed
1 Total CEU | 1 Supervision CEU
4.80 out of 5
(15 customer reviews)


Read the following article and pass a 5-question quiz on it:

Henley, A. J., & DiGennaro Reed, F. D. (2015). Should you order the feedback sandwich? Efficacy of feedback sequence and timing. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 35, 321-335.

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To earn credit, you will be required to read the article and pass a 5-question quiz about it. You can retake the quiz as many times as needed, but you will not receive exactly the same questions each time.


This study sought to investigate the efficacy of feedback sequence—namely, the feedback sandwich—and timing on performance. Undergraduate participants performed simulated office tasks, each associated with a feedback sequence (positive–corrective–positive, positive–positive–corrective, corrective–positive–positive, and no feedback), presented in a counterbalanced fashion. Half of the participants received individual verbal feedback delivered privately by the researcher immediately after each session, and the remaining participants received the same type of feedback immediately before each session. The aggregate data suggested no feedback was the most efficacious for participants who experienced feedback prior to performance, and the corrective–positive–positive sequence was the most efficacious for participants who received feedback following performance. Differences in feedback timing were not significant except for the no feedback condition. These results document that the feedback sandwich was not the most efficacious sequence, despite claims to the contrary.

Read the article below or download it directly. The module also includes a 5-question quiz about this article that you must pass to earn credit.

15 reviews for Should You Order the Feedback Sandwich? Efficacy of Feedback Sequence and Timing

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    Great article easy to read

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    Helpful article that gave great insight on providing effective feedback.

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    Interesting read!

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    I enjoyed the reading

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    Helpful article regarding an important topic in supervision.

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